Psalm 28 Commentary Verse 8. Who would think when Nebuchadnezzar was in the forest Daniel 4:1-37 , that he should reign again in Babel? Verse 5,11. Why am I agitated like a troubled sea, and why do my thoughts make a noise like a tumultuous multitude? The form אדּדּם is Hithpa., as in Isaiah 38:15, after the form הדּמּה from the verb דּדה, "to pass lightly and swiftly along," derived by reduplication from the root דא (cf. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Why art thou cast down, O my soul? Folio. And show me the man that annoys and troubles not himself in vain, because with patience he doth not tarry the Lord's leisure? Bible > Commentaries > Psalm 42:4 ... he calls on his soul Psalm 42:5 not to be cast down. Is it but thy merit? Psalm 42:5-7. Psalms 51 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this seven volume magnum opus was first published in weekly installments in The Sword and the Trowel Those whom the Lord will tear in his wrath must perish with a witness; but those whom he hates, he tears, &c. Job 16:8. A Contemplation of the sons of Korah. Is it for that thou hast been a child of wrath, a servant of the devil? The idea is beautifully expressed in Psalms 39:7 . First, it stills and silences him under affliction. Verse 5. Most interpreters today treat Psalms 42 and 43 as one psalm because a number of Hebrew manuscripts present the psalms together in one text and because the psalms share vocabulary and themes. Living souls never can take up their rest any where short of a living God. Learn more. z making my steps secure.. 3 He put a a new song in my mouth,. I shall yet praise Him with thanksgiving, praise ישׁוּעות פּניו, the ready succour of His countenance turned towards me in mercy. Psalm 42:5 Sermon - The Hope of the Cast-Down Soul; Psalm 42:11 Sermon - A Believer's Dialogue with His Soul; J J STEWART PEROWNE. See the notes at Isaiah 16:11; compare Jeremiah 48:36. This way David took, and found it effectual; when his soul was unquiet by reason of his present affliction, he lays it to the breast of the promise: "Why art thy cast down O my soul? "And now, Lord, what wait I for? Who would think when Joseph was banished of his brethren, that his brethren should seek unto him like his servants? We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Alex. And hope never affords more joy than in affliction. Psalm 42:5 Why are you in despair (Hebrew = shachach/sahah; Lxx = perilupos = very sorrowful), O my soul? and why art thou so cast down within me? By THOMAS HORTON, D.D. Psalm 42 Commentary; WILLIAM PLUMER. WHY art thou cast down, O my soul? Verse 5. and y set my feet upon a rock,. The same expostulation as in Psalm 42:5; and so is what follows, and why art thou disquieted within me ? The mind, even of a holy man, may be unduly cast down and disquieted. And here his soul sweetly sleeps, as the child with the breast in his mouth; and that this was his usual way, we may think by the frequent instances we find; thrice we find him taking this course in two Psalms, 42 and 43 ... Secondly, this hope fills the afflicted soul with such inward joy and consolation, that it can laugh while tears are in the eye, sigh and sing all in a breath; it is called "the rejoicing of hope," Hebrews 3:6 . A Prayer when he was in the cave.. For as in martyrdom, it is not the sword, the boiling lead, or fire, not what we suffer, but why, that makes us martyrs; so in our sorrows, it is not how deep they wound, but why, that justifies them. Psalm 42:5, ESV: "Why are you cast down, O my soul, and why are you in turmoil within me?Hope in God; for I shall again praise him, my salvation" What aileth thee? hope thou in God." Why, my soul, are you downcast? Let every one, therefore, that hath a troubled heart, ask his soul the "Why:" "Why art thou cast down?" Hope thou in God. Is his way a way of mercy? See also on Psalms 42:11 43:5. Take either of them, thine eyes will have a large field to water. Psalm 22 is the 22nd psalm of the Book of Psalms, generally known in English by its first verse, in the King James Version, "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" (i) "Salutes sunt facies ejus", De Dieu. 5 Why art thou cast down, O my soul? Sabbaths at Home: or, a help to their right improvement; founded on the Forty-second and Forty-third Psalms. The Story of Psalm 148. PSALM 42 OVERVIEW. Itâs also Davidâs request for God to deliver the righteous from those wicked individuals. If you would get assurance, spend more time in strengthening your evidences for heaven, than in questioning of them. Psalm 42:1 Title: Probably a literary or musical term; Psalm 42:4 See Septuagint and Syriac; the meaning of the Hebrew for this line is uncertain. Psalm 41 Psalm 43 ... Advance your knowledge of Scripture with this resource library of over 40 reference books, including commentaries and Study Bible notes. Expostulation with the soul in times of distress, is then productive of its proper end, when it leads to an immediate application to God. already have done so, and one Hebrew MS. notices the wrong accentuation of the text here. In this extremity of misery, and in the midst of these dolorous mournings she continued, till on a night, repeating that of the psalmist: "Why art thou so heavy, O my soul? and dost thou find a present fruit in it? Henry March. Psalm 42. The second thing to notice in the heading is that the psalm is called a Maskil. Thus David did. Verse 5. Hope in God, for I shall yet praise Him For the help of His countenance. A Psalm of David.. 40 I u waited patiently for the L ord;. Folio. Verse 5. This made her grievously to bewail and lament her estate, reasoning with herself, why her Lord God did in so heavy a wise afflict her, and suffered her thus to be sequestered from the sweet society of her loving prison fellows. Cur deprimes te anima mea? You see, the psalmist here talks to himself. You would count him a very unwise man that hath a lease of so much land, and he himself shall create scruples and doubts, and shall use no means to make his title good. If everything be dark, yet the day will come, and meanwhile hope carries stars in her eyes; her lamps are not dependent on oil from without, her light is fed by secret visitations of God, which sustain the spirit. A loss of the present sense of God's love is not a loss of that love itself; the jewel is there, though it gleams not on our breast; hope knows her title good when she cannot read it clear; she expects the promised boon though present providence stands before her with empty hands. Christopher Love, in "The Dejected Soul's Cure," 1657. Think it not enough to silence thy heart from quarrelling with God, but leave not till thou canst bring it sweetly to rely on God. Maschilâ(See on Ps 32:1, title). Psalm 5:1-12 Commentary. Henry Smith. It is the cup that thy Father hath given thee, and wilt thou not drink it? Now, surely the frequent mention of this text and words doth argue and note unto us the weightiness of the matter ... Wicked men oppressed David, and the devil tempted him; yet he chides his own heart and nothing else. Favor is expressed in the Scriptures by lifting up the light of the countenance on one. Psalm 23 is likely the most well-known psalm 1 of the Psalter â and the most well-known passage in the Bible. Every sad and desponding Christian ought to say to his soul, "Why art thou thus cast down?". Cast down.âBetter, as in margin, bowed down, and in the original with a middle sense, âwhy bowest thou down thyself?â, Disquieted.âFrom root kindred to and with the meaning of our word âhum.â The idea of âinternal emotionâ is easily derivable from its use. and why art thou disquieted in me? Which opportunity for holy duties may fitly be called the wings of the morning. Sorrow put to the question, or the Consolatory Catechism. Why art thou disquieted? We see the process in such expressions as Isaiah 16:11, âMy bowels shall sound like a harp for Moab.â. The LXX. Is it thy Father's will that thou shouldest suffer, and shall it be thy humour to rebel? Psalm 42 Commentary; J C PHILPOT. Psalms 120:5 . Self ignorance is not bliss; in this case it is misery. If I cannot keep a public Sabbath, yet wherefore do I deny my soul her indoor Sabbath? So, to summarize, Psalm 5 is Davidâs lament to the Lord that there are evil people using their words to destroy the righteous. 2 Heed the sound of my cry for help, my King and my God, For to You I pray. my hope is in thee." Salvations come from the propitious face of God, and he will yet lift up his countenance upon us. המה (the future of which Ben-Asher here points ותּהמי, but Ben-Naphtali ותּהמּי), to utter a deep groan, to speak quietly and mumbling to one's self. For the help of his countenance.âThere is no question but that we must read the refrain here as it is in Psa. Psalm 42:5 Parallel Verses [â See commentary â] Psalm 42:5, NIV: "Why, my soul, are you downcast?Why so disturbed within me? Why dost thou exalt thy foolish will above his infinite wisdom? thou that wert infused to give me life; nay, says Philo the Jew, a spark, a beam of the divinity, thou, which shouldest be to this dark body of mine as the sun is to the earth, enlightening, quickening, cheering up my spirits; tell me, why art thou clouded? Hope thou in God. The futures, as expressing the object of the remembrance, state what was a habit in the time past. and less than that, too; and shall the living man complain for the punishment of his sin? He says, My soul is cast down within me, therefore I remember thee from the land of Jordan and of Hermon, from Mount Mizar. Why art thou cast down, O my soul? Next time you have trouble, say these words. to create more trouble on thyself than either God doth inflict or the devil tempt thee to. David's mind is upon the duty more than upon the mercy; upon the duty, as it is a matter of grace, more than upon the mercy, as it is a matter of sense. v. 21. Psalm 142 â My Only Refuge. 3 But you, O L ord, are r a shield s about me, my glory, and t the lifter of my head. A Practical Exposition of the Forty-second Psalm, in ten Sermons, in Choice and Practical Expositions on four select Psalms. Art thou discomposed with impatience, haunted with a discontented spirit under any affliction? Many will b see and fear,. Why art thou disquieted? William Gurnall. Then wait for him to do something good for you. The rendering therefore is: that I moved on in a dense crowd (here the distinctive Zinnor). (To the chief Musician, Maschil, for the sons of Korah.) He alone has full power of sovereignty. Read our Psalm 28 8 commentary for explanation of that verse. Faith tells the soul what Christ hath done for it; and so comforts it; hope revives the soul with the news of what Christ will do: both draw at one tap -- Christ and his promise. PSALMS 42 AND 43. He has reached a second stage and he tries another tactic. Why so disturbed within me? and why art thou disquieted in me? Deep calls to deep at the thunder of thy cataracts; all thy waves and thy billows have gone over me. 1 Whether Psalms 42 and 43 were originally one psalm that was divided into two (similar to Psalm 9-10), or whether Psalm 43 was composed as a later poem to augment or accompany Psalm 42 is not known. Arab. See Goldingay, Psalms 42-89 (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2007); Seybold, Die Psalmen (Tübigen: Mohr, … It is not so much the weight of the burden, as the soreness of the back, that troubles the poor beast: so it is not so much the weight of outward evils, as the inward soreness of a galled conscience, not purified nor healed by faith, that vexes and troubles the poor creature. Psalm 42 Spiritual Depression in the Psalms; GEORGE PHILLIPS. Why art thou cast down, O my soul? The psalmist earnestly longs for the ordinances of the Lord's house, Psalm 42:1-4; describes his deep distress, Psalm 42:5-7; endeavors to take comfort from the consideration that the Lord would appear in his behalf, Psalm 42:8, Psalm 42:9; speaks of the insults of his enemies, Psalm 42:10; and again takes encouragement, Psalm 42:11. 6 O my God, my soul is cast down within me: therefore will I remember thee from the land of Jordan, and of the Hermonites, from the hill Mizar. he inclined to me and v heard my cry.. 2 He drew me up from w the pit of destruction,. This leads naturally to Godâs active work in sustaining the world of animals, birds and sea creatures (Ps.104:10-12, 14, 16-18, 20-22, 25). Psalm 42:1 In many Hebrew manuscripts Psalms 42 and 43 constitute one psalm. (Note: Even an old Hebrew MS directs attention to the erroneousness of the Soph pasuk here; vid., Pinsker, Einleitung, S. 133 l.). As afflictions do proceed from ourselves, they may be called troubles, or perturbations; for the best man doth sometimes cause this bad liquor to boil out of his own bowels. Whether two psalms or one, the subject is obviously similar and they are united with the common refrain of 42:5, 11, and 43:5. Why are you cast down, O my soul? Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. These present troubles, are they to last forever? The angels are thy servants, they gather thy tears; God is thy treasurer, he lays them up in his bottle; the Holy Ghost is thy comforter, he will not leave thee. When it may be said, "He whom God loveth is sick," then it may be said, "This sickness is not unto death;" and though it be to the first death, yet not to the second. The causes are not enough to justify such utter yielding to despondency. And why have you become disturbed within me? And we do not know when they wrote it. He who can use such heroic language in his gloomy hours will surely conquer. Commentary. From the Geneva Notes. Psalm 2 is the renowned second part to the introduction of the Psalter (with Psalm 1). To the chief Musician, Maschil, for the sons of Korah. Condensed from William Gurnall. King David has been brought back from the brink of despair by God who has rescued him. As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after thee, O God.#Maschilâ¦: or, A Psalm giving instruction of the sons, et These are the acts of mercy which make the righteous sing, "The Lord hath triumphed valiantly." His face is what he seeks and hopes to see, and this will recover his low spirits, this will put to scorn his laughing enemies, this will restore to him all the joys of those holy and happy days around which memory lingers. See the notes at Psalm 4:6; compare Psalm 11:7; Psalm 21:6; Psalm 44:3; Psalm 89:15. ), Syriac, Vulgate, and most modern expositors. For, or of (see Introduction) the sons of Korah. To search out the cause of our sorrow is often the best surgery for grief. dah, דח, Arab. A hopeless soul is clamorous: one while it charges God, another while it reviles his instruments. 42:1-5 The psalmist looked to the Lord as his chief good, and set his heart upon him accordingly; casting anchor thus at first, he rides out the storm. A Psalm of David.. 40 I u waited patiently for the L ord;. So when applied to psalms, it may mean a song that instructs, or a song that is wisely crafted. Now such a faith and persuasion as this is a good antidote against dejections of soul, and disquietude of mind; see Psalm 27:13. It is not God nor the devil that cast thee down; but Why dost thou cast thyself down? 3. Psa 15:1-5. my help and my God. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 25 EXEGESIS: CONTEXT: This psalm is an individual lament (rather than a lament composed for public worship)ââa literary form expressing sorrow over a loss. Psalm 42 Commentary; MATTHEW POOLE. (Psalms 42:5 RSV) But his trial is not over. Know again there is a sorrow "that worketh death." Psalm 38 was written by David and is one of the seven penitential psalms, the others being Psalm 6, Psalm 32 , Psalm 51 (see notes), Psalm 102, Psalm 130 and Psalm 143. Good grip for the anchor. Hope thou in God. Though the devil and wicked men, the one do tempt, the other do oppress as instruments of punishment for sin; yet we with David are to chide our own hearts. whereas you do not find two verses of the same length used in all the Book of Psalms besides, except in Psalm 107, where is often repeated, "O that men would praise the Lord," etc. For the words ישׁועות פניו, though in themselves a good enough sense (vid., e.g., Psalm 44:4, Isaiah 64:9), produce no proper closing cadence, and are not sufficient to form a line of a verse. Such alteration, however, from comparison of Psalm 24:8; Psalm 24:10; Psalm 49:12; Psalm 49:20; Psalm 56:4; Psalm 56:10; Psalm 59:9; Psalm 59:17, is not unusual.
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